The Christian Medical College is a referral tertiary care hospital. CMC graduates stay on to work in hospitals affiliated to the Christian Medical Association of India.
The college is owned and administered by the Christian Medical College Vellore Association which is a Society registered under the Societies Registration Act of India. The Association is made up of 54 churches and other Christian Medical organisations. The Christian Medical College Council, which comprises the members of the Association and other Indian and foreign organisations, governs the CMC Vellore Association.In 1918 Dr.Ida Scudder established a Medical School for Women, which was upgraded to a College in 1942 and became coeducational in 1947. Each year 60 students, of which at least 25 are women, are admitted for the undergraduate medical course (M.B.B.S. of the Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R.Medical University).Scholarships are available to students who need financial assistance. The students and the faculty live in a residential campus. Training in Community Medicine involves daily village visits to collect data about disease prevention awareness, child malnutrition, living conditions, socio economic status and educational status. CMC is consistently ranked amongst the top three medical colleges in the country, ranking second in the 2009 survey.