Whenever we think of education of girls in India, the terms that come to mind are low rate of girl students, more drop outs of female students and low growth rate of our country. The education of girls in India has been a major cause for low growth of development of our country before and after independence. Thus, the government always tries to improve the education of girls in India. Other than the government, many NGOs are there which work for the overall development of women and encourage and motivate them to study. Also, the government tries to motivate girls to study mainly by reserving seats for them at the level of higher education.
Here, we will talk about the education of girls at two levels, primary level and higher level. Under the constitution, the education of all the children from the age of 6-14 is a Fundamental Right of every child. The government is taking many steps under ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ to provide elementary education to all the girl students. For instance, free textbooks to all girls upto class VIII, bridge courses for older girls, recruitment of 50% women teachers, gender-sensitive teaching-learning materials including textbooks, etc. All these efforts on the part of the government are proving to be beneficial as more and more girls are enrolling themselves in schools even in the remotest of the areas of India.
Now, if we talk about the education of girls at the higher level, we see that the rate of education of girls, here, is relatively poor. The reason for this is the gender biasness against women. Many girls in India get married at the age of 20-22 due to which they do not get time to complete their graduation even in courses like engineering and medical. This is the reason of low number of girl students in higher education. After the completion of graduation, even if some girls take admission in post-graduation courses like MBA to fulfill their dreams, they have to leave their post-graduation in between as many of them get married. The situation is certainly detestable.
According to a national report prepared by the Ministry of Gender in 2006, 28.3% female students do not have formal school schooling, 42.3% have some primary education, 11.9% complete their primary education, 14.7% have some secondary education, only 0.5% complete their secondary education and 2.2% go towards post secondary education. The statistics show, how the rate of female students decrease as the level of education increases.
Though the statistics of female education are quite poor yet many successful Indian women today like Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, Ekta Kapoor and Indra Krishnamurthy Nooyi showcase the true caliber that women possess and are the role models of many Indian women today. Though many measures are being taken by the government yet there is still a lot more to do to improve the education of girls, particularly at the higher level.
To conclude, the education of girls in India has improved a lot since the independence of India. While the rate of education of girls at primary level is a little better, the rate of education of girls is relatively poor. Though many measures have being taken by the government both at primary and higher level to improve the level of education of girls in India yet there is yet a lot more to do even now.