Reservation! It is a word which haunts every Indian student as soon as he/she steps into higher education. Reservation quotas have become a common phenomenon in education, particularly, higher education. The effects of these quotas are huge on education and admissions of students. But before coming on to what effects reservations have on education, let me provide you with some of the facts of how reservations take place.
The central government funded higher education institutions are approved for 22.5% reservation for Schedule Castes (SCs) and Schedule Tribes (STs). Also, an additional 27% reservation is there for Other Backward Classes (OBC). Not only this, about 15%-50% reservations take place in some of the private colleges in the form of management quotas where the seats are purely decided on the basis of how much money one can pay. Other than this, reservations also happen on the basis of gender and religion where in females and minority religious groups like Muslims and Christians are given preferences. The examples of such institutions are Jamia Milia Islamia University and St. Stephen’s College.
Among all these reservations, the ones who suffer a lot are the general category students. The reason is simple, the students in general category are the most and the seats left for them are quite less. The government has become unfair to the students of general category in order to be fair with these groups. This is the major adverse effect of reservations on education.
Many times it happens that due to these reservation quotas many deserving students fail to get into reputed colleges and many undeserving students manage to take admission just on the basis of caste, religion, gender or money. This is certainly unfair and undermines the education system of India. Also, it is harmful for the students of these reserved categories. This is because these students have become used to this comfort. They know that they can have admission in any reputed college just by scoring average marks. Therefore, they do not do adequate hard work.
Moreover, admissions on the basis of caste, religion, gender or money is completely wrong. Every student has the right to education and therefore a fair chance should be given to every student to qualify in an examination. Education should be provided purely on the basis of ability of a student and not on any other basis.
To conclude, reservations affect the Indian education system severely. They not only hamper the growth of deserving students but harm the education of those students also who are under the reserved categories. Admissions should be conducted on the basis of ability and capability of a student and not on the basis of their quotas.