The government has planned to have medical colleges in each district of India. This major move has been taken to eradicate the shortage of doctors and improve the healthcare services at remote areas. It is planning to convert district hospitals into training institute the paramedical personnel as well.
Also, the government is planning to combine AYUSH doctors and have capacity building programmes for other traditional healthcare providers such as Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs) and Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA). This move will encourage the traditional care practices and local remedies at the district level.
Health ministry sources indicated that AYUSH doctors will be trained further to handle normal child birth cases in remote areas and to handle serious medical cases in remote areas so that the patient can be stabilized before shifting to some big hospital. According to health ministry, this will help in reducing the maternal and infant mortality rate.
As of now there are 640 medical colleges in 193 districts in India and rest 447 districts do not have any medical college in them. Presently, the doctor patient ratio is 0.6 per 1000 while the ratio of health workers (including midwives, nurses etc) is 2.5 per 1000.
Seeing the poor healthcare services at petty levels, the planning commission is determined to introduce major reforms in the 12th Five Year Plan to improve healthcare. The report of Planning Commission says, “To fill the gap in training needs of paramedical professionals, the 12th Plan proposes to develop each of the district hospitals into knowledge centres, and 4,535 CHCs into training institutions.”
The government has released Rs. 847 Crore up till now to build six All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)- like institutes. These AIIMS-like institutes will be build in Bihar (Patna), Chhattisgarh (Raipur), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal), Orissa (Bhubaneswar), Rajasthan (Jodhpur) and Uttarakhand (Rishikesh) under the first phase of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana .
Over the last three years, Ministry of Health and Family Welfares had announced to increase about 5,000 post-graduate seats in medical colleges across the country in order to increase in the number of specialist doctors.