As Indian employers vie for the best in the world, they will obviously call for the best trained personnel. But it will be made possible only when its trained personnel meet the quality of international standard. Therefore, accomplishment of skills is the future of the Indian job market & its global economic clout.
The Government has allocated doubles funds for skills development under the National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) in the Union Budget 2012-12 to Rs. 1,000 crore raising the principal sum of the fund to Rs. 2,5000 crore.
The National Skills Dvelopment Corporation (NSDC) has named over 21 prime sectors including the unorganized sector in this context. Of these, manufacturing, textile, construction, automotive, retail and healthcare are important. This effort aims to provide industry specific knowledge through its strategy. The NSDC also aspires to setting up of sector approaches in the form of 31 Sector Skills Council (SSCs). Ten SSCs in the arena of automotive, retail, security, healthcare, IT/ITES, gems and jewellery verticals have been granted already.
Vocational education must be ushered in schools so that it sticks to academic options rather than competing with them. Students will be provided ‘taster’ opportunity along with counseling regarding their career. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is working for development of plans in this concern.
Soft skill is also required to make candidates worthy to get employed. The apprenticeship model is specifically profitable in this situation.
The sector skills councils will play significant role to make sure that the training system meets the basic necessities of training as per industry requirements.
According to global data, around 75 million youth were unemployed in 2011. To solve this problem approximately 600 million job opportunities will have to be produced over the next decades.
According to Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2010, reaching the Marginalized, 2010, around 270 million persons of the age of 15 or older are illiterate in India. Less than 25% of Indian girls receive vocational training. 60% students having technical/vocational education & training are still devoid of any job after completing graduation.
The solution of it lies in more apprenticeships or by offering endorsement to training personnel.
It is necessary to develop proper models that can assist small organizations & can help to become people to be self employed.
It should include support for on the job training. India should make its scheme of apprenticeship so that it can work for small employers by increasing its skilled labours; productivity. There are several international model for this purpose. Development of skills is of utmost importance if India wants to convert itself into an internationally competitive country.