As every year, the International Literacy Day was celebrated this year also on September 8 all over the world. As every year, this year also every nation tried to create awareness of literacy among people. Also, this year’s major theme was link between peace and literacy. Many countries celebrated the day keeping this focus in mind. Also, an international conference on women’s literacy was organized in New Delhi by UNESCO’s E9 for sustainable growth. Here, the E9 countries, namely, Pakistan, India, Nigeria, Brazil and Mexico sought India’s help to improve the rate of literacy, particularly among adults.
International Literacy Day was actually started by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and September 8 was proclaimed International Literacy Day on November 17, 1965. It was first celebrated in 1966. Since then, every year on September 8 UNESCO reminds the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning globally.
Literacy is the basic right of every individual. It is very important for an individual to be literate as it is the first step towards growth, not only your growth but the growth of economy as well. As per the statistics available, about 776 million adults lack literacy skills, that is, one in five adults still do not have adequate literacy skills and two-thirds of them are women. Also, 75 million children do not go to school and many more are either college dropouts or do not attend school regularly. Thus, literacy is still a major target.
Literacy is focused all over the world in a major way because experience shows that there is a direct connection between poverty level of a country and literacy level of a country. A nation’s overall growth entirely depends on the literacy level and education of its citizens. Not only this, education proves to be a major factor for social and human progress. It is a strong means of reducing menaces like world population, infant mortality rate and gender inequalities. Also, it can prove to be a major factor in ensuring peace in society as also was the theme of International Literacy Day, 2011.
In the conclusion, International Literacy Day is a boon given to the world by UNESCO. The day, the elusive target of 100% literacy is achieved many social evils will end worldwide and there will just remain happiness and peace which will be eternal.