What is embedded employability education?
Embedded employability education is basically supplementary education, which adds extra skills to increase the market value of a student. Students generally take these courses either after completing class XII or along with a regular graduation degree as the degree may not equip them to get a job immediately. There is a need to get these skills in the mainstream education.
What is the need for vocational training?
There is a need to adapt to the changing scenario. Emerging markets such as Brazil, India, etc, where there is a change in the economy — moving from agrarian to the industrial economy —education also needs to change and adapt to serve the growing needs of the market. There is a need to move beyond the legacy of bureaucratic control of education and come out with a model of education that can serve the industry, can fix the problem structurally and legislatively. I feel that vocational training is the way forward. Only students whose functional capabilities are up to a certain minimum standard
can be successful in the job market today. So, there is a need to make vocational education as a part of the mainstream education rather than an option to emphasise on developing the skills.
What are the hallmarks of employability education?
From 2007-2022, India will have 500 million working people. We need to create jobs according to the demographic dividend and not progress towards demographic disaster. We conducted a survey to find out the top priorities that employers want and found out that communication skills, adaptability, emotional intelligence and dependability figure on the top list. The hallmarks of employability education would be to embed vocational education within mainstream education by providing credit courses and proper certification that is also accepted by employers. Branding a certification is important because it will stand for quality. In terms of delivering, technology will help us deliver the best to students. Teacher training also needs to play a big role in employability education because they are big stakeholders in empowering students. Every year, we have about seven to eight million students graduating. When education does not serve its purpose of providing a job then we have rebels in society. There is a need for self-governance in education. With the RTE Act in place, we must ensure that education is given to all and that it serves its purpose.
How can one change the attitude of people towards employability/ vocational education?
One has to realise that any education that one takes is meant for more than just getting degrees. Some people feel that vocational education is taken up by a certain section of society and we have to break that perception. We are yet to come up with a proper framework, which is already present in countries like Germany and Austria, which gives the same status and compensation to a person who takes vocational training. By bringing vocational education into the mainstream education, we will give vocational education its due credit.