With a view to reduce geographic and rural-urban imbalance that exists in training and availability of human resource, a decision has been taken to increase 18,000 undergraduate medical seats, and nearly 11,000 post-graduate seats between 2012 and 2017. The decision has been taken by the standing committee on health as a part of its 12th five year Plan.
In its report to the Union health ministry, the panel has recommended an increase of undergraduate medical seats from 41,569 to 66,000 and PG seats from 20,868 to 31,000.
It has been proposed that a total number of 30 medical institutes will be set up with public financing in states. Also, it has been recommended to set up 132 Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery and 137 General Nursing Midwifery schools through public financing and to start paramedical education courses in 149 government medical colleges and paramedical institutions.
According to the statistics available, on an annual basis India produces 30,000 doctors, 18,000 specialists, 30,000 AYUSH doctors, 54,000 nurses, 15,000 ANMs and 36,000 pharmacists. However, according to the report, “Medical colleges are unevenly spread across the states with disparities in the quality of education. Only 193 districts of the total of 640 districts have a medical college - the remaining 447 districts don't have medical colleges."